Just Do It

And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.

John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961

 

11/9/2016, 12:57 Mountain Time

 

As the final votes come in for the 2016 Presidential election, the popular vote is almost equal, with Hilary Clinton leading by a couple hundred thousand. Donald Trump will be our next President as he has secured 290 electoral votes.

If someone completely unfamiliar with the two candidates were to look at the result, they’d probably assume it was a race between two worthy candidates who fought up until the end. We know the story to be what it’s been.

 

My hope is that we will follow Kennedy’s words and focus on what we can do as individuals to impact our Country and our communities. The ability to vote is certainly one of the most important parts of our society. So too is the ability to have an audience with our elected officials; have you had such an audience? If you’re not happy about “politics as usual” in DC, or in your city, have you voiced that displeasure to your elected officials? Do you know who your elected officials are?

 

As Nike tells us, Just Do It. Clicking HERE will provide you with a list of your elected officials as well as the means for contacting them. Be persistent, be patient and be polite, and know that they are always interested in hearing from their constituents.

 

Clearly there is passion and enthusiasm on both sides and now it’s time to engage in a time honored, though rarely utilized political tool: Compromise. It’s been said the three most important words in politics are “compromise, comprise and compromise.”

 

When you communicate with your elected officials, demand they work with their counterparts from both parties to get positive change enacted.

 

Lastly, I wanted to share The Allegory of the Long Spoons.

 

One day a man said to God, “God, I would like to know what Heaven and Hell are like.”

God showed the man two doors. Inside the first one, in the middle of the room, was a large round table with a large pot of stew. It smelled delicious and made the man’s mouth water, but the people sitting around the table were thin and sickly. They appeared to be famished. They were holding spoons with very long handles and each found it possible to reach into the pot of stew and take a spoonful, but because the handle was longer than their arms, they could not get the spoons back into their mouths.

The man shuddered at the sight of their misery and suffering. God said, “You have seen Hell.”

Behind the second door, the room appeared exactly the same. There was the large round table with the large pot of wonderful stew that made the man’s mouth water. The people had the same long-handled spoons, but they were well nourished and plump, laughing and talking.

The man said, “I don’t understand.”

God smiled. It is simple, he said, Love only requires one skill. These people learned early on to share and feed one another. While the greedy only think of themselves…

Benchmarking the Holidays

Pumpkin spice is in the air (and has been since September 6th). While that means different things to different people, it signals the holiday season for me. Thanksgiving, parties, cookies, and holiday cheer! If you’re not careful, there’s weight to be gained. Despite all of the temptation and opportunity for over consumption, the reality is that, on average, Americans gain just over a pound during the holidays1.

In terms of retail consumption, according to Gallup, adults will spend $785 on holiday gifts this year. With that as the benchmark, will you come in above or below? With 51 shopping days left before Christmas, I’d encourage you to make that decision now. Ask yourself, “How much will I (or our family) spend on gifts this year?”

Take it one step further. How much will you spend eating out and on other holiday related activities? Here are some helpful tips from Investopedia if you’re inclined to pinch pennies this year:

  1. Set Limits for Total Holiday Spending
  2. Make Your Own “Naughty” or “Nice” Lists
  3. Budget Based on Your Own Finances
  4. Become a Coupon and Coupon Code Collector
  5. Give Your Time
  6. Give Yourself a Better Spending Habit
  7. Give Personalized Gifts Instead of Expensive Gifts
  8. Organize Group Volunteering Instead of Holiday Parties

This is my favorite part of the year because of time spent with family and the opportunity for introspection. It’s a time to reinforce how grateful I am for what I have. One of my favorite traditions is going to the mall to get a Christmas Angel. If you’re not familiar with this program put on by the Salvation Army, donors purchase a paper “Angel” to put on a tree that represents a gift for a child or family in need. This is a poignant exercise for anyone or families, particularly if you have children, to reinforce perspective and instill gratitude, as well as promote charitable giving.

 

Have a safe and happy Holiday Season!

Back to the Future

Do you remember the Deep Water Horizon? I suppose the release of the Mark Wahlberg movie about the disaster put it back into the forefront of my mind. I remember helplessly watching the footage of oil spewing into the ocean, knowing it would end at some point, but not knowing when.

 

Those feelings are similar to the feelings I had during the financial collapse of 2008. I remember helplessly watching the 24-hour news cycle for what felt like forever, knowing it would end at some point, but not knowing when. The major difference between those two events for me is I had (and continue to have) no background or knowledge in deep sea oil drilling. In 2008, I had been in the financial industry for seven years, living and breathing the markets every day. But honestly, those seven years didn’t make it any easier.

 

How did you feel? How did you react? Did you stay the course? Did you invest more money? Did you sell everything and get out? Many people did sell everything and got out of their investments at the lowest point, which proved to be a mistake. The reality is this: if you had stayed the course, you would have enjoyed the unprecedented growth of the past eight years.

 

Here’s the most important question: what will you do the next time the stock market goes down dramatically? I don’t have a crystal ball, but I do have a time machine.   My time machine goes backwards and I can research market cycles. Those market cycles show me that bad markets (Bear Markets) turn into recoveries that turn into good markets (Bull Markets) that eventually go back down and the cycle continues.

 

I think we all intellectually understand how it works. But it’s not our intellect that gets us into trouble; it’s our emotions. Because we’re aware of the powerful influence our emotions have on our actions, I advocate you prepare in advance.

 

An Investment Policy Statement (IPS) can provide helpful guidelines to curb emotional responses during bad markets.

 

When visiting a new destination, it helps to map out the directions. Upon arrival, you decide on an activity plan. If you’re going to a state park for a hike, you determine how to get there and next, which trail to follow at the park. Similar to an expedition, an Investment Policy Statement (IPS) is a guide to your financial future.

 

Perhaps an Investment Policy Statement is right for you and I’m happy to help you develop one. Either way, the next time the stock market has a negative event, please rely on logic over emotions when making investment decisions.

The Danger of Comparison

We’ve been trying to “Keep up with the Jones’” since before 1879 when a comic strip with that title first appeared. The phrase refers to the comparison to one’s neighbor as a benchmark for social class or the accumulation of material goods. Fast forward 137 years and the Kardashian’s have left the Jones’ in the dust. This phenomenon is neither new, nor is it going anywhere anytime soon thanks to things like Instagram and Facebook.

 

As the saying goes, we’re always looking to see what others are doing and making comparisons. Good or bad, we all do it.   This type of social comparison led to two things: Conspicuous consumption and materialism.

 

Those two things led us to desire more, better and different things than the things we had or didn’t have. Those desires led to the ability to purchase via credit, which then led to consumer debt, so on and so on.

 

Consumer debt had been steadily building since the introduction of credit until finally slowing after 2008’s meltdown.

 

The recovery of the past eight years has brought it back. In reality and to be fair, the Jones’ are not completely to blame according this report by NerdWallet.

 

The report tells us part of the problem is that household income has grown by 26% in the past 12 years, but the cost of living has gone up 29% at the same time. And some of our largest expenses like medical care, food and housing have significantly outpaced income growth.

 

The danger of comparison is that it can lead to discontentment. That discontentment can lead to overconsumption, which can lead to debt. Debt limits our ability to fully pursue our passions because we’re stuck in a rat race trying to make money to pay that debt off.

 

Let’s get a sense of where we are. Not just in our neighborhoods, not just in our country. Let’s take a global perspective.

 

Compared to the most of the world, we are wealthy. You are wealthy.

 

What’s most important in your life? To your family? Keep that in mind the next time you catch yourself falling victim to comparison.

August’s Message

Paper or Plastic?

It’s been said that life is a game of inches and little bits add up.

Here’s a question: “Are you more likely to be on track for retirement if you paid with cash instead of a card when eating out?” Remember, on track means saving 10 to 12% of gross income for retirement

 My assertion is the majority of Americans would more likely be on track for retirement if they paid cash for everyday purchases like eating out instead of using credit or debit cards.

Some research on American’s use of credit cards:

30% of credit card users are “dormant,” a term credit card companies call people who have a card but don’t use it. 30% are “transactors,” or people who pay off their balance every month. The remaining 40% are “revolvers,” designated as people who use the card and carry their balance over month to month.

“I like the rewards I get from my credit card” is a common reason people give for credit card use. If you’re successfully being a “transactor,” please carry on and enjoy your rewards. For those who are “revolvers,” there is a substantial penalty.   The average American consumer is spending over $2,500 a year on credit card interest according to a recent article.

It’s safe to say most Americans are misusing credit cards.

A second realty is that you overpay when you use plastic versus cash. This is sometimes called the “Monopoly Money Effect” and is illustrated by looking at our behaviors when eating out. Wendy’s estimates customers spend 40% more when using plastic versus cash. Let’s put that into perspective:

Households earning more than $70,000 per year, spend nearly $10,000 on food and eat out 45% of the time or $4,500 a year. If you used cash instead of plastic and didn’t spend as much, say 20% (a more conservative estimate than the 40% example from Wendys research), you’d save $900 a year. That’s not a lot you might say, but many Americans don’t even have that much money in a retirement account.

Specifically, the EBRI reports that more than a quarter of all Americans have less than $1,000 in retirement savings, excluding their home. So, if you paid cash when you ate out for a little over a year, you’d have more than then a quarter of Americans have.

I understand that when you eat out, you’re not always going to Wendy’s, but ask yourself this: Do you tip more or less when paying with cash versus when you fill out a credit or debit card receipt?  Can you think of other instances when the Monopoly Money phenomenon could occur?

Let’s review

$900 saved from paying cash versus plastic while eating out and $2,600 saved from not paying credit card interest. That total of $3,500 going into your retirement account and getting you closer to the desired 10 to 12%, all by simply changing your purchasing behavior from plastic to cash.

Little bits add up. Are they adding up in your favor?

Briefly: Kids and Money

If you were able to look into the future and see your child at age 22, how would you picture them? Could an ideal situation be this?

 

  • A college graduate
  • Debt free
  • Gainfully employed
  • Saving money
  • A contributing member of their community

 

Impossible? Probably not. With the right skills and habits, this situation is very possible.

 

Our habits define us. If someone is in the habit of exercising and eating right, they’re likely a physically fit person. If someone is in the habit of saving money every month, they’re likely in a decent financial position.

 

Rich and poor families alike produce kids with bad money habits. It’s not the parent’s financial situation that determines this; it’s the parent’s ability and willingness to teach and instill good habits.

 

When parents make it a point to teach their kids the value of work and saving money, those kids will probably practice good financial behaviors as an adult. The reality is, no one else is going to do it. Fundamentally, this is less about paying your kids for a clean room or cutting the lawn and more about the value of work and managing the money they earn.

 

Here are some ways you can prepare your family to have these conversations and set your kids up for financial success:

kids-allowance-pic1

Step one: Ask yourself: Do you have a budget? You can’t transfer what you don’t own, so if you’re not currently budgeting, you can’t expect your kids to, as well. (Contact us for help on starting budgeting).

 

Step two: Start talking with your kids about money around age four or five about the following concepts.

 

  • Allowance versus Earned Income. This is a simple but important difference. We know that money doesn’t grow on trees, but kids may not. Don’t give your kids an allowance. Instead, pay them Earned Income for the completion of tasks. For kids at this age, five weekly tasks is Pay them $1 for each. If they don’t complete the task, don’t pay them the money. Pay them on the same day and time every week. Sunday afternoon works well.

 

Spend/Save/Share: These are the three things you can do with Earned Income. Have three clear jars labeled with these categories and put 40% of the money into “spend,” 40% into “save” and 20% into “share.” If your kid earns $5 for the week, $2 goes into “spend,” $2 goes into “save” and $1 goes into “share.” The money in “spend” can be used for anything at any time. The money in “save” should be used to save for larger purchases. The money in “share” should be used to teach your kids about giving. Keep this program going until they become teenagers.

 

Step 3: Help your teens understand their financial footprint and ensure they begins working outside of the home.

 

  • They’ve been earning income and saving money for years. Now, it’s time to teach them about balance sheets: how much do their lives actually cost? Share with them the monthly costs of food, their activities, the mortgage, insurance, and more—essentially your household budget.

 

  • Make sure the job is outside the home. Having a boss and coworkers teaches valuable lessons. If they start their own business, even better!

 

  • If they don’t already have a checking account, it’s time to open one. This will introduce them to banking. On a side note, do not allow your kids to have a credit card.

 

For major purchases or expenses like a car or college, consider matching your kids’ savings. This can make larger sums more attainable and promote increased long term saving. For example, if they want a $5,000 car, they save $2,500 towards it and you contribute the other $2,500.

 

Why take the time and make the effort to do all of this? Because practical money matters don’t get taught in school and they are fundamentally important. Contact us for more in depth information about talking with kids about money.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your Screen Test

The smart phone was a legitimate innovation and it’s changed our lives. Next came tablets and soon we’ll have virtual reality. What’s the impact?

In an article entitled Children Spend Six Hours or More a Day On Screens by Jane Wakefied, she introduces these findings:

The amount of time children spend glued to a screen has risen dramatically in the last 20 years, a new report suggests.

  •  Children aged five to 16 spend an average of six and a half hours a day in front of a screen compared with around three hours in 1995, according to market research firm Childwise.
  •  Teenaged boys spend the longest, with an average of eighthours.
  •  Eight-year-old girls spend the least: three-and-a-half hours, according tothe study.
  •  Screen time is made up of time spent watching TV, playing gamesconsoles, using a mobile, computer or tablet.

    While I can’t say this information surprised me, the numbers are concerning. Eight hours a day (the number of screen time for a teenage boy) works out to be a third of one’s life. And when you consider that the amount of screen time has more than doubled since 1995, what will that number be 20 years from today?

    There are certainly a lot of positives the internet and technology have brought us and it’s not my intention to say the current behavior of our young people (and grown ups for that matter) is all bad. But I’m curious: is it healthy to consume media, ads, information and messages for large percentages of our waking hours?

    I’m certain that one of the greatest gifts we can give to ourselves and to one another is our full and complete attention: a gift that cannot be given in the presence of any type of screen. Don’t believe me? Ask yourself this: is it possible to be fully present while watching YouTube? Do you check your phone immediately after you wake up in the morning? Are you Facebooking while you’re standing in line at Starbucks?

I advocate the importance of getting and keeping a sense of where we are, also known as being mindful; essentially the opposite of screen time.

Here is the definition of mindfulness from Psychology Today:

Mindfulness is a state of active, open attention on the present. When you’re mindful, you observe your thoughts and feelings from a distance, without judging them—good or bad. Instead of letting your life pass you by, mindfulness means living in the moment and awakening to experience.

Because this is a financial blog, let’s bring it back to money. Does media affect the self-image and spending habits of adults? Can that influence be negative? I believe the answer is yes.

Will this increasing screen time have a similar affect on young people? How could it not?

In closing, work every day to get a sense of where you are and to be mindful. Screen time isn’t going away, so in next month’s edition we’ll get into how to talk with young people about managing it.